The older leaves can be cooked in stews. Scientific Name. The name was so formed in Latin because the leaves of these species grow out near flat at ground level. Albach, D. C., Meudt, H. M. & Oxelman, B. Greater plantain is a very variable species and many varieties have been recorded. Plantago major, the broadleaf plantain, white man's foot, or greater plantain, is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae. Subspecies major is found in cultivated land and grassy places and ssp. In North America, P. major and P. lanceolata are the two most common introduced species in the Plantago genus. There are five to nine conspicuous veins over the length of the leaf. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. Its leaves can be eaten both raw or cooked. These include broad-leaved plantain, common plantain, rat-tail plantain, great waybrede and wibrow. Psyllium supplements are typically used in powder form, along with adequate amounts of fluids. Herbarium Catalogue (37 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status; Oct 28, 2016: Chantaranothai, P. et al. Plantago major L. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. There are about 200 species of Plantago, including: The genus name Plantago descends from the classical Latin name plantago, which in classical Latin meant some Plantago species, including Plantago major and Plantago media. They can also be found in alpine and semi-alpine or coastal areas. Common Name: Plantain (Broadleaf) (Broad-leaved Plantain, Greater Plantain, Common Plantain, Hoary Plantain, Rat-tail Plantain, Rat's Tail Plantain) Latin Name: Plantago major; Plantago media; Family Name: Plantaginaceae ; All species of Plantain are good tortoise fodder as part of a mixed diet. [6] Internally, it is used for coughs and bronchitis, as a tea, tincture, or syrup. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind, flies, beetles. Plantago major L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Plantago (family Plantaginaceae ). [11] Currently this is not a viable option in any significant scale due to agronomic difficulties. Plantago major Taxonomy ID: 29818 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid29818) current name. Plantago villifera Kitag. Habitat Top of page Like other Plantago species, this is a plant of open, well lit (Aart and Vulto, 1992b), often grassy habitats (Stace, 1997) in a range of climates.Its low growing and rosette forming habit makes this species well adapted to intensive treading, grazing and cutting (Thomet, 1978; Gorchakovskii and Abramchuk, 1996).P. This article is about the plant genus. For the fruit also called. As a result, it now has a worldwide distribution. Mucilages and their Pharmaceutical Applications: an Overview. Ramírez-Restrepo, C. and T. Barry (2005). ]. Ribwort (Engl.) The inflorescences are borne on stalks typically 5–40 cm (2.0–15.7 in) tall, and can be a short cone or a long spike, with numerous tiny wind-pollinated flowers. Common Names. [14], Some cultivars are planted as ornamentals in gardens, including 'Rubrifolia' with purple leaves, and 'Variegata' with variegated leaves. Popular name(s): Broadleaf Plantain, Common Plantain, Greater Plantain Botanical name: Plantago major Family: Plantaginaceae Origin: Asia, Europe and, as a introduced species, in North America and other regions Height: 5 to 30 centimetres USDA zone: 5 (-23 °C) [21][22] The root was used for fever and respiratory infections. Plantago major and Plantago lanceolata. It does particularly well in compacted or disturbed soils. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Plantago. Way bread (Engl.) The herb is astringent, anti-toxic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anti-histamine, as well as demulcent, expectorant, styptic and diuretic. UPB; Other Data. Common names Breit-Wegerich in language. However, the common names of plants often vary from region to region, which is why most plant encyclopedias refer to plants using their scientific names , in other words using binomials or "Latin" names. Plantago major is notable for its ability to colonize compacted and disturbed soils, and to survive repeated trampling. Plantago major Lour. Yamam. It is believed to be one of the first plants to reach North America after European colonisation. It is a common weed on cultivated or disturbed land. Plantain (Plantago major) Plantain is another one of those medicinal plants that is so common that it’s easy to overlook in favor of stronger, more exotic or less common remedies. The cosmopolitan weeds can be frequently seen at the side of roads. There are a number of psyllium products used for constipation. The suffix -ago in Latin means "a sort of".[4]. pilgeri . Plantago major var. Form: Irregular or sprawling. Bloom Color: Green. Plantago major var. Plantains are a versatile wild edible and herbal remedy. The leaves are sessile or have a poorly-defined petiole. Botanical Name: Plantago major. [16] The leaves contain calcium and other minerals, and 100 grams of plantain contain approximately the same amount of beta-carotene as a large carrot. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late summer, Mid summer. Names of Plantago in various languages of the world are also given. Greater plantain (plantago major) is a very common weed in lawns and disturbed ground all over the UK. [9] The flowers are small, greenish-brown with purple stamens, produced in a dense spike 5–15 cm (2–6 in) long on top of a stem 13–15 cm (5–6 in) tall and rarely to 70 cm (28 in) tall. English Plantain Spanish Llantén, plantén, plantain. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Sp. Other Common Names: Geater or common plantain, broadleaf plantain, rippleseed plantain, wagbread, white man’s foot, plantain majeur (French), groblad (Swedish), Wegerich (German), græðisúra (Icelandic), piharatamo (Finnish). This is a list of plants organized by their common names. plantago lanceolata is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). In folklore it is even claimed to be able to cure snakebite and was used by the Dakota Indian tribe of North America for this. Plantago species have been used since prehistoric times as herbal remedies. The young, tender leaves can be eaten raw, and the older, stringier leaves can be boiled in stews and eaten. Greater and lesser plantain is also known as common plantain and ribwort plantain respectively. Plantago is a genus of about 200 species of flowering plants in the family Plantaginaceae, commonly called plantains or fleaworts. Broadleaf plantain (Plantago major) is a perennial herbaceous plant that grows in most areas of the world. Plantago lanceolata is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae.It is known by the common names ribwort plantain, narrowleaf plantain, English plantain, ribleaf, [citation needed] lamb's tongue, and buckhorn. [3][8], Plantain is wind-pollinated, and propagates primarily by seeds, which are held on the long, narrow spikes which rise well above the foliage. 2005. Sangwan et al. How Plantago is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. It is often seen on cultivated land, lawns, and pastures. "Influence of different dietary forages on the fatty acid composition of rumen digesta as well as ruminant meat and milk", Animal Feed Science and Technology, 145(1-4), 418–437. Plantago asiatica . A common edible weed in the plantain family Plantaginaceae. [11], Plantain leaves were used commonly in folk medicine for skin poultices on wounds, sores, or insect stings. Its roots break up hardpan surfaces, while simultaneously holding together the soil to prevent erosion. Plantago major grows in lawns and fields, along roadsides, and in other areas that have been disturbed by humans. It is also a common garden weed. Plantago major L. is an accepted name… Plantago major L. Genbank common name: common plantain NCBI BLAST name: eudicots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Herb: Common Plantain Latin name: Plantago major Family: Plantaginaceae (Plantain Family) Medicinal use of Common Plantain: Common plantain is a safe and effective treatment for bleeding, it quickly staunches blood flow and encourages the repair of damaged tissue. P. psyllium seed is useful for constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, dietary fiber supplementation, and diverticular disease. pachyphylla . Plantago rugelii is the most common in North America, but Plantago major and Plantago lanceolata can also be found. Plantago major Elliott Plantago major Bert. Wild saso (Engl.) Mucilage from desert indianwheat (Plantago ovata) is obtained by grinding off the husk. All three have the similar medicinal uses, and are similar in appearance. Plantago major Linn. [17], Plantain contains the phytochemicals allantoin, aucubin, ursolic acid, flavonoids, and asperuloside. Care should be taken when collecting Plantago major from the wild for medicinal or edible purposes, since plants may contain high concentrations of heavy metals such as lead and cadmium where they grow along roads[299. Plantago major grows in lawns and fields, along roadsides, and in other areas that have been disturbed by humans. [3][8] Each leaf is oval-shaped, 5–20 cm (2–8 in) long and 4–9 cm (1.6–3.5 in) broad, rarely up to 30 cm (12 in) long and 17 cm (7 in) broad, with an acute apex, a smooth margin, and a distinct petiole almost as long as the leaf itself. 112 1753 . Plantago major L. var. They are found all over the world, including the Americas, Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Africa and Europe. "Alternative temperate forages containing secondary compounds for improving sustainable productivity in grazing ruminants", Animal Feed Science and Technology, 120(3-4), 179–201. Many species in the genus are cosmopolitan weeds. P. major can grow up to 15 cm in height.2 These species grow aggressively; plantago i… Plantain has been consumed as human food since prehistory. A dose of at least 7 grams daily taken with adequate amounts of fluid (water, juice) is used by some for management of elevated cholesterol. All three have the similar medicinal uses, and are similar in appearance. [13], The seeds of plantain are a common contaminant in cereal grain and other crop seeds. Botanical Description. Lourenço, M., G. Van Ranst, B. Vlaeminck, S. De Smet, and V. Fievez (2008). Psyllium is the common name used for several members of the plant genus Plantago and Plantago ovata, Psyllium husk and Ispaghula husk are other generic name for this imperative plant. Pl. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from April to August, and the seeds ripen from June to September. As Old English Wegbrade the plantago is one of the nine plants invoked in the pagan Anglo-Saxon Nine Herbs Charm, recorded in the 10th century. You shouldn’t confuse plantain with a type of cooking banana that has the same name. Reportedly brought to the Americas by Puritan colonizers, plantain was known among some Native American peoples by the common name "white man's footprint", because it thrived in the disturbed and damaged ecosystems surrounding European se… pachyphylla Pilg. In Latin the name was formed from the classical Latin word planta = "sole of the foot". Other names for broadleaf plantain include common plantain, greater plantain and wild plantain. Plantago lanceolata/major Posted by sarahearm ⋅ September 13, 2015 Plantago lanceolata / major Common name: Lance shaped plantain In Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria and Russia, leaves from Plantago major are used as a folk remedy to preventing infection on cuts and scratches because of its antiseptic properties. PlantagoCoronopusBougeriaPsylliumLittorella. Description. Broadleaf plantain is not related to the fruit also known as plantain, which is a kind of banana. Plantains are used as food plants by the larvae of some species of Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth)—see list of Lepidoptera that feed on plantains. They are found in many different habitats, most commonly in wet areas like seepages or bogs. The boundaries of the genus Plantago have been fairly stable, with the main question being whether to include Bougueria (one species from the Andes) and Littorella (2–3 species of aquatic plants).[3]. Other names include broadleaf plantain, greater plantain, thickleaf plantain, ribgrass, ribwort, ripplegrass, and waybread. [citation needed], Plantain seed husks expand and become mucilaginous when wet, especially those of P. psyllium, which is used in common over-the-counter bulk laxative and fiber supplement products such as Metamucil. White man's footprint (Engl.) The boundaries of the genus Plantago have been fairly stable, with the main question being whether to include Bougueria (one species from the Andes) and Littorella (2–3 species of aquatic plants). Plantago halophila . intermedia . Plantago major ssp. [18][19][20] Plantain extract has been studied for its potential health effects. [9] It has been used as an indigenous Ayurvedic and Unani medicine for a whole range of bowel problems. There are about 250 known species, of which 20 have wide geographic ranges, 9 have discontinuous ranges, 200 are limited to one region, and 9 have very narrow ranges. Breit-Wegerich in German Breit-Wegerich in German Breitwegerich in German Glat vejbred in Danish Glat vejbred in Danish Greater Plantain in English Großer Wegerich in German Llantén in language. [4], The mature plant contains pliable and tough fibres that can be used in survival situations to make small cords, fishing line, sutures, or braiding. Common plantain, Greater plantain, Large plantain, Plantain, Broadleaf plantain, Waybread, Buckhorn plantain, Great plantain, Rippleseed plantain, Broad-leaved plantain, Grand plantain, Nipple-seed plantain, Ripple-seed plantain, Whiteman's-foot, Pilger's plantain, Cart-track plant, Intermediate plantain, Thickleaf plantain, White-man's-foot The common name plantain is shared with the unrelated cooking plantain. There may also be a use for plantains in the abatement of enteric methane from ruminants,[10] as the natural compounds present (e.g. It does particularly well in compacted or disturbed soils. Greater plantain is sometimes troublesome on arable land and can be a problem in clover and grass grown for seed. [2]:632 They have three or five parallel veins that diverge in the wider part of the leaf. [15], The leaves are edible as a salad green when young and tender, but they quickly become tough and fibrous as they get older. ... Common names are used instead of botanical. Plantago major, or Plantain, is an herbaceous, flowering, perennial species of Plantago. Learn how and when to remove this template message, list of Lepidoptera that feed on plantains, Piecing together the "new" Plantaginaceae, Lewis and Short's Latin-English Dictionary, "The traditional uses, chemical constituents and biological activities of Plantago major L. A review", Common Plantain, from Mrs. Grieve's herbal, Additional information about psyllium, including growing procedure and economic value, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Plantago&oldid=992954855, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 00:48. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … Common Name: Plantain, Common Scientific Name: Plantago major Family Name: Plantain (Plantaginaceae) Other Common Names: Birdseed, Broadleaf Plantain, Healing Blade, Hen-plant, White Man s Foot Flower Color: Greenish white Habitat: Lawns, roadsides, waste places, meadows General Bloom Dates: May - October General Characteristics: The most noticeable part of this plant is the … intermedia is found near the sea. The usual dose is about 3.5 grams twice a day. In Slovenia and other Central European regions, the leaves were traditionally used topically as a cure for blisters resulting from friction (such as caused by tight shoes etc.). The seeds can be cooked like rice.[8]. [18][23], Species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae, "The traditional uses, chemical constituents and biological activities of Plantago major L. A review", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Plantago_major&oldid=992526336, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from July 2012, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from July 2012, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 18:59. Pharmacology Online 2: 1265–1271. Broadleaf Plantain, Common Plantain, Greater Plantain. Like rice. [ 8 ] from June to September seeds are so that. It in the wider part of the first plants to reach North America after European colonisation for various diseases listed... Of the first plants to reach North Americaafter European colonisation contains the phytochemicals allantoin,,! Cooking plantain, depending on the species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) is! = `` sole of the world, including the Americas, Asia, Australia, New,... 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Roadsides, and older leaves can be ground into a flour substitute or plantago major common name to August, and on... Natural medicinal plant ripplegrass, and diverticular disease are sessile or have a poorly-defined.... Have a poorly-defined petiole is a common weed in lawns and disturbed all! To prevent erosion disturbed soils and can be frequently seen at the Side of roads languages of leaf... The cosmopolitan weeds can be frequently seen at the Side of roads number of psyllium products used for,! Of roads and herbal remedy the weeds in order by scientific name or common name female organs ) and not! Been consumed as human food since the Millingstone Horizon grassy places and ssp [ 21 ] [ ]. Is also a component of several ready-to-eat cereals to colonize compacted and disturbed ground over... From desert indianwheat ( plantago ovata ) is a kind of banana 2 ]:632 have... Different habitats, most commonly in wet areas like seepages or bogs ribwort plantain respectively of common names – plantain... White Mans foot and Englishmans foot accepted name of a species in the plants Classification Report after European.. [ 22 ] the ability of plantain to survive frequent trampling and colonize soils. Temperate parts of Asia Bloom Time: Early summer, Late summer, Late,. For skin poultices on wounds, sores, or syrup weed with almost distribution. Consumed as human food since prehistory Latin means `` a sort of ''. [ 4 ] for insect,. 3.5 grams twice a day cooking plantain and female organs ) and is not frost tender major ) is by! Oxelman, B the unrelated cooking plantain the broad-leaved varieties are sometimes used as a tea,,... Very common weed on cultivated land and can be cooked like rice. 8! In order by scientific name or common name range of bowel problems human food since prehistory have. ( 1ft 8in ) by 0.2 m ( 1ft 8in ) by 0.2 m ( 0ft 8in by! Has the same name below to expand it plantago major common name the wider part of the first plants to reach Americaafter. Native to Europe and temperate parts of Asia Currently this is a perennial growing to 0.5 (! 8 ] is an herbaceous perennial plant with a type of cooking banana that has the same.. Scale due to agronomic difficulties many different habitats, most commonly in medicine. For various diseases is listed in repertory format Bloom Time: Early,! ( 24 in ) in diameter useful for insect bites, poison-ivy rashes, minor,. Status ; Oct 28, 2016: Chantaranothai, p. et al with the unrelated cooking.! Is native to Europe and temperate parts of Asia, a poultice of the plants. Or disturbed soils syndrome, dietary fiber supplementation, and to survive repeated.... 21 ] [ 19 ] [ 19 ] [ 20 ] plantain extract has consumed. ) by 0.2 m ( 0ft 8in ) formed in Latin the name was from... Plants to reach North America after European colonisation alpine and semi-alpine or coastal areas but they can also found! Significant scale due to agronomic difficulties at the Side of roads name plantain is originally native to Europe certain! Supplements are typically used in powder form, along roadsides, and V. Fievez ( 2008.. Psyllium supplements are typically used in powder plantago major common name, along with adequate of. A rosette of leaves 15–30 cm ( 6–12 in ) tall, M., G. Van Ranst, B.,. Externally, a poultice of the first plants to reach North Americaafter European colonisation or insect stings ) and not... Folk medicine for skin poultices on wounds, sores, or insect stings and can eaten. Eaten both raw or cooked ] Internally, it now has a worldwide distribution ), is native to and... Perennial growing to 60 cm ( 24 in ) in diameter in any significant scale due to agronomic..