Profit is a late maturity orchardgrass bred primarily for yield potential and compatibility with alfalfa for hay production. In addition to large areas of the U.S., orchardgrass is common throughout Europe, northern Asia, and the higher elevations of Africa. In addition, there is a prominent midvein on the underside of the leaves, and the ligule is membranous. longevity. Orchardgrass is a long lived, cool-season perennial bunchgrass that grows from 2-4 feet tall. Hallmark orchard grass is considered a very leafy, early to medium variety with excellent hardiness and persistence. per acre in hay or pasture mixtures. Seeds are small but light, awned and chaffy. Graze or cut to heights of 10 cm (4 in) or more. Bred primarily for rapid regrowth Crown Royale is an ideal choice for rotational grazing or hay production. Good rust resistance. Crown Royale Orchardgrass. Potomac is an early maturing variety (early May), Dawn and Rancho are medium-maturing varieties (mid-to late-May), and Pennlate is a late-maturing variety (late May to early June). Its broader spreading and more crown growth habit gives Harvestar the ability to handle close grazing. Persist is an early maturity, persistent pasture orchardgrass. See our Home page, or in the U.S., contact your local Cooperative Extension office for assistance. Contact UC IPM, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California, © 2016 Regents of the University of California Sparta is a medium tall growing, late maturity (a week later than Pennlate) orchardgrass. Orchardgrass is a very persistent grass and reproduces by seeds and tiller formation with the ability to head out quickly and fill in a field very well over time. Northern climate winter hardiness and resistance to stem rust. The leaves are a characteristic blue-green color, and the seedhead is easy to distinguish from other grasses. It does not spread vegetatively. Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata) is a common perennial weed of turf, and can be a contaminant in commercial tall fescue seed. Seed heads are up to 20 cm (8 in.) It matures earlier than mid or late maturing varieties, has moderate winter hardiness, and regrows quickly. There are no auricles. LiguleA membrane or series of hairs on the inner side of the grass leaf where the blade joins the sheath. Perennial bunch grass. In addition, orchard grass seed are grown for commercial forage production and often are found as a contaminate in turf-type tall fescue seed due to similar size and shape. The leaf blade has a little crinkle in the middle. Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a bunch-type, tall-growing, cool-season perennial grass. Orchardgrass is a cool season grass that is valuable on light textured soils due to its outstanding drought-tolerance and is also well adapted to other soils and environmental conditions. Long, folded leaves. Leaf blades are broadly linear, hairless, roughened, and approximately 1/10 to 1/4 inch of an inch (3–6 mm) wide. After it starts growing in the spring, orchardgrass tends to head very quickly. Orchardgrass is commonly found thriving in shady areas, such as orchards and forest borders, which is where its name likely originated. Pasture Mixes for Horses; Single Species Pasture Seeds; Peas; Pollinator Seeds and Mixes; Rye Grain (Cereal Rye) Ryegrass Seed. In addition, there is a prominent midvein on the underside of the leaves, and the ligule is membranous. The ligule is membranous and has a rounded tip that is usually toothed or fringed. It has no stolons and only rarely has short rhizomes. A common use of orchardgrass is to seed it into alfalfa stands that have thinned. The sheath is split part way and is green on the top and pale green or white on the lower part. FOR ALL OTHER USES or more information, read Legal Notices. Oats Seed; Orchardgrass; Organic Seeds; Pasture Seed. Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a perennial, cool-season, tall-growing, bunch-type grass with a deep taproot. Figure 4: Orchardgrass collar Life cycle and growth habit. Fertilization: 40-60 lb N/acre after first grazing or harvest in spring; follow with another 40 lb N/acre after second grazing if conditions permit. It’s used for pasture and hay, and produces high-quality palatable feed for all types of livestock. First cutting in Spring should be done before head emergence (Boot Stage). Rotational grazing is preferred for best production, persistence and quality. Maturity range makes it compatible with rapid recovery alfalfa varieties. However, there are several different varieties of foxtail, and some seed heads remain upright. Orchardgrass is valuable on light textured soils due to its outstanding drought-tolerance. Description. Seed: 20 lbs. Subscribe (RSS) Flower Seed Head. Quick Draw HSG orchardgrass was selected for its quick regrowth, superior yields, disease resistance and palatability. It matures earlier than mid or late maturing varieties, has moderate winter hardiness, and regrows quickly. Research is being conducted to identify control methods (Oregon State, 2004). Reproduces by seed. Membranous ligule (long and pointed). The blade is 5-12 mm wide and 8-40 cm long. Next, check for the awns, which look like hairs coming off each tiny seed on the head. The ligule is a coarse membrane that is slightly hairy and striated. Phosphorus and potassium to soil test. It starts growth early in spring, develops rapidly and flowers during May. Seed: 20 lbs. Close grazing and improved digestibility, when combined with red and white clovers. Compatible with both three and four cut alfalfas. Orchardgrass is a cool season grass that is valuable on light textured soils due to its outstanding drought-tolerance and is also well adapted to other soils and environmental conditions. It is cultivated for cover cropping and livestock forage. Mature plants grow up to 5 feet (1.5 m) tall. Under irrigation and higher rainfall areas, orchardgrass should be cut at boot stage for the first cutting and then at 4-6 week intervals depending on regrowth. HLR is … This is a late maturing, hay-type orchardgrass. Rachilla The point of attachment of a seed to the seed head or to another seed. It matures earlier than mid or late maturing varieties, has moderate winter hardiness, and regrows quickly. It is our best broad-spectrum variety and … Orchardgrass can grow up to five feet tall and prefers well-drained soils and is more tolerant of shade than other pasture grasses. Orchardgrass, also called cock's foot, is a perennial bunch grass found throughout California to about 8200 feet (2500 m), except for deserts. With careful management, orchardgrass can perform a host of functions while adding nutrients and tilth to soil. It is often used i This makes Quick Draw much more palatable and drought tolerant. It is often used i A medium/late maturity, it’s the leading choice for intensive grazing pastures. per acre alone or 5 lbs. Acknowledgements It is one of the most productive cool-season grasses, tolerant to shade, fairly drought resistant with moderate winter hardiness. Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata) is a common perennial weed of turf, and can be a contaminant in commercial tall fescue seed.The leaves are a characteristic blue-green color, and the seedhead is easy to distinguish from other grasses. However, there are several different varieties of foxtail, and some seed heads remain upright. Seedlings are light green with broad leaf blades. Seeds … Next, check for the awns, which look like hairs coming off each tiny seed on the head. Environmental Concerns Orchardgrass has been grown in North America since the 1750’s. Orchardgrass is also a great companion crop with a legume, such as red clover or alfalfa. It is often used in pasture production because it is highly palatable to all classes of livestock. It’s long soft leaves make it highly palatable and digestible with the unmatched orchardgrass feed value. Contact Webmaster, © 2016 Regents of the University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Barenbrug breeders are continuously selecting for disease tolerance and HLR Orchardgrass is tolerant to rust and other leaf diseases. Early Forage Orchardgrass is perennial, cool season, forage bunch grass. A medium to late maturity orchardgrass with excellent cold tolerance. It will not “head-out” before alfalfa is ready to cut because of it’s later maturity date. Prolific, tillering grass. If the grass is to be grazed, grazing can start in early spring until summer but late season grazing should be discouraged. Bred primarily for rapid regrowth Crown Royale is an ideal choice for rotational grazing or hay production. With maturity, it becomes open and branched. Figure 4: Orchardgrass collar Life cycle and growth habit. Panicle seed head. The subsequent growth during the remainder of the summer consists essentially of leaf material that is soft and palatable to livestock. per acre in pasture mixtures. Most varieties have good winter-hardiness, although few varieties have superior winter-hardiness. The species is rather slow to establish but persistency is good under hay, silage, and proper grazing management. The stems are round and 50-100 cm tall. Auricles absent. Leaves are V-shaped and folded in the bud. The branched flowering head is 4 to 6 inches (10–15 cm) long with upper branches that are more erect and lower branches that are ascending to spreading. Orchardgrass produces an extensive fibrous root system. long with clustered spikelets. When seeding an orchardgrass-legume mixture, the two should mature at about the same time. The plant tends to have a darker blue hue than other grasses. The seed head is dense and spike-like in appearance when it first emerges. Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources It inhabits agricultural land and other disturbed places. Cut boot to early head for first cut, then every 4-6 weeks thereafter. Excellent summer regrowth potential. This Orchardgrass seed can be mixed with clover for hay … Orchardgrass is shade tolerant and resistant to occasional drought conditions. This grass has a panicle-type seed head that is 4-10 inches long and cannot be mistaken for other grasses. It's not a ground cover grass, as it has a shallow root system and only grows to about 6 inches high. It prevents the flower head from emerging and prevents seed production on the infected tiller. Orchardgrass seed viability declines rapidly in storage. This will enable harvesting of both species at proper developmental stages and improve the potential of harvesting top quality fora… Introduced from Europe, orchardgrass is a cool-season perennial bunchgrass. The seed head is dense and spike-like in appearance when it first emerges. Most varieties have good winter-hardiness, although few varieties have superior winter-hardiness. New diseases keep appearing in orchard grass stands. Identifying characteristics. The lowermost branch separates like the spur on a cock's foot, hence one of its common names “cock’s foot”. . Later cuttings can be made at 4-6 week intervals depending on conditions. It is shade tolerant and resistant to occasional drought conditions. Extend Orchardgrass exhibits excellent regrowth and is a good choice for spring and summer cutting, then fall grazing. It is extremely heat and drought tolerant, yet withstands cold winters. Orchardgrass is a restricted noxious weed for lawn/ turf seed in the states of Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia (USDA-AMS, 2010). Orchardgrass is more tolerant of shade, drought, and heat than timothy, perennial ryegrass or Kentucky bluegrass but also grows well in full sunlight. Demonstrated winter hardiness and disease resistance provide persistent long lasting stands. Pasture Mixes. Orchardgrass Seed - Orchardgrass is a bunch-type, tall-growing, cool-season perennial grass. Extra leafy genetic trait provides highly palatable forage. Provides versatility for either grazing or hay production. Orchardgrass is more tolerant of shade, drought, and heat than timothy, perennial ryegrass or Kentucky bluegrass but also grows well in full sunlight. Hallmark orchard grass is considered a very leafy, early to medium variety with excellent hardiness and persistence.~~~ Hallmark is widely used for pasture, hay and silage in the cool climate growing areas. Orchardgrass is perennial, cool season, forage bunch grass. Also, apply 40 to 60 lb N/acre mid-August for fall pasture. Orchardgrass is one of the most productive cool-season grasses, tolerant to shade, fairly drought resistant with moderate winter hardiness. It has shown higher levels of water soluble carbohydrates than other orchardgrasses. Establishment: Orchardgarss is recommended for the northern part of … Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a perennial, cool-season, tall-growing, bunch-type grass with a deep taproot. Orchardgrass does not exhibit as much tolerance to drought or winter hardiness as tall fescue and bromegrass. Seed: 20 lbs. It has escaped cultivation and has become a weed in certain settings. The short, soft awns along the sides of the seed head give the appearance of a fox's tail. It is well-adapted to the Midwest, Northwest and Northeast. With careful management, orchardgrass can perform a host of functions while adding nutrients and tilth to soil. The foxtail seed head may droop over, which is a dead giveaway that it isn't timothy. They have a bluish white tone. Prolific, tillering grass. Unfortunately, we cannot provide individual solutions to specific pest problems. Nondiscrimination Statement, Accessibility With maturity, it becomes open and branched. A common use of orchardgrass is to seed it into alfalfa stands that have thinned. Flowers cluster in dense groups of two to four, mostly on one side of the branch and on lower branches, nearest to the branch tip. For noncommercial purposes only, any Web site may link directly to this page. It is shade tolerant and resistant to occasional drought conditions. NodeThe place on the stem where a leaf attaches. Orchardgrass is best established on a prepared seedbed, though no-till establishment into an alfalfa … It starts growth early in spring, develops rapidly and flowers during May. This Orchardgrass seed can be mixed with clover for hay production as well as increased forage yield. Get Flash Player Other identifying characteristics. Orchardgrass is perennial, cool season, forage bunch grass. Orchardgrass is also used to stabilize soils in sites disturbed by logging, burns, and mining. Each spikelet produces 3 to 4 small cross-pollinated flowers. per acre alone or 5 lbs. It inhabits agricultural land and other disturbed places. Seed head is an open panicle. Glabrous blades. Leave some of the plants to form mature seed heads and allow it to reseed for consistent supply of the plants. The foxtail seed head may droop over, which is a dead giveaway that it isn't timothy. Orchardgrass can be a big problem in tall fescue lawns of residential areas established on existing pasture. Sterile seed-heads may be 38 to 50 cm (15 to 20 in) up the stems when sprouts appear at the time of second cutting. It reproduces from seed and forms tufted shoots held together by short rhizomes. Membranous ligule (long and pointed). Auricles absent. Identifying characteristics. Most seed germinate in the fall after maturation. Ryegrass For Lawn & Turf ; Ryegrass For Pasture; Sudan & Sorghum-Sudan Grass; Sunn Hemp; Teff Grass; Timothy; Triticale; Vetch Seed; Wheat Seed Staff-only pages Orchardgrass is a very persistent grass and reproduces by seeds and tiller formation with the ability to head out quickly and fill in a field very well over time. Orchard Grass A fast-growing light-green bunchgrass. It blooms and matures seed on average of 10-14 days later than commercial varieties. If your grass seed head looks like a grain head with little fuzzies on it, it could be the common bluegrass. The inflorescence is a dense, spike-like panicle and looks like timothy. Stems are flattened and are either erect or bend abruptly at the base. 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Soft and palatable to livestock point of attachment of a seed to the seed head: Stiff, compact! Rarely has short rhizomes a contaminant in commercial tall fescue lawns of residential areas on!