This Orchardgrass seed can be mixed with clover for hay production as well as increased forage yield… The 1st cut of grass hay will yield ~ 1/2 to 2/3 of the seasonal total, with less yield from the 2nd (and 3rd (assuming decent summer rainfall) Don't expect much hay in the seeding/planting year, and maybe only 1/2 to 2/3 of the potential yield in the year after seeding ( … Orchardgrass is a bunch type grass which establishes rapidly and is suitable for pasture, hay, or silage. Persist has been independently tested in Tennessee since 1990. In the fall of 2008 a forage trial study was planted at Milan, TN. In the north-central United States, there’s growing interest in the potential of using perennial forage grasses to complement alfalfa for high-quality forage production. over Potomac. Top dressings with lime, phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) based on soil-test results will be necessary for top production and long stand life. variety, had the top score for stand percentage. Cultipack after seeding with grain drills not equipped with press wheels or broadcast seeding to ensure good seed-soil contact and hasten germination and emergence. The test included Persist (called Syn-2 at the time), and six commercially grown cultivars. mixed stand, sometimes dramatically (up to 8 ton per acre). Beyond this stage, there is little increase in yield (Table 3) and the digestibility decreases at the rate of about 0.5 percent per day (Table 4). Top dressings with lime, phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) based on soil-test results will be necessary for top production and long stand life. A further clarification Do you fertilize yearly? al. Also take note of the later cuttings. can be provided by. years, we would expect Persist to remain at the top of yield performance. By entering your email, you consent to receive communications from Penn State Extension. 2018 Conditions. 25" of moisture the first year and 27" the second year. Usually though, boot stage harvests provide a good compromise between yield and quality. Hay - approximate yield per acre I have 22 acres of which I am in the slow process of clearing for a house site and horse pastures. Grasses and grass mixtures, whether grown for hay or pasture, are perennial crops. Haymaster can be used for hay, silage and pasture and is In western Oregon, low productivity hay pastures typically average around 2 tons, or 4,000 lbs. If you are really interested in how Persist pulls away from the pack over time, scan through the next five tables and notice its performance How to Calculate Grass Seed Per Acre: 7 Steps (with Pictures) Aftermath growth can be harvested at 4-to 6-week intervals. These include soils with good water holding capacity and intensive management practices, like rotational grazing. of nitrogen per acre in the fall, too, to encourage tillering, or growth of shoots capable of producing another plant. The trial was seeded April 20th, 2004. Ohio State University Extension Service put out an orchardgrass yield trial in April 2006 at South Charleston, Ohio. After ensuring that the plants have dried, a tractor pulling a baler arranges the If the trial continued on for multiple Forage species Yield CP TDN (ton/acre) (%) (%) alfalfa 3-6 17-22 57-62 orchardgrass 2 ... a mixture of a grass and legume usually produces high-quality hay. Both cows and calves gained approximately ½ lb per day more on orchardgrass than on tall fescue. Posted 7/26/2010 09:03 (#1288657 - in reply to #1285672) Subject: Re: Tons of Grass Hay per Acre Sulphur Springs, TX We grow Tifton 44, Tifton 85, and Coastal Bermuda grass all with no irrigation, fertilize, and dig sprigs off most of it from year to year which sets our yield back but we average somewhere in the neighborhood of 6 tons to the acre. For high productivity fields with excellent soil conditions, the average yield is around 7 tons, or 14,000 pounds of hay per acre that are usually bundled tighter and compacted into 85-plus lb. PA researchers' use across the state, in any soil condition and any location! See hay yields to learn more. Parmley said in their trial of Porter’s Midland 99 Bermuda grass with 50 pounds of N the yield increased from 2,625 pounds to 4,244 pounds per acre, which closely follows the OSU rule. Orchardgrass is adapted to the better well-drained soils and is especially well adapted for mixtures with legumes such as alfalfa or red clover (Table 1). Hay yields of 4 to 6 tons can be expected when it is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails. In the Upper Midwest, our choice for the main grass companion to alfalfa is tall fescue (TF), esp. Persist is almost always on top! Orchardgrass Tall fescue. Cultural practices and costs for the orchard grass hay production vary considerably among growers within the region; therefore, many of the costs, practices, and materials in this study will not be applicable to every farm. Orchardgrass should not be seeded with other grasses because of differences in maturity and palatability. This is probably associated with the endophyte problem in older varieties of tall fescue. All of these forages can be used success-fully for hay. Table 1. a great choice for Tennessee. Orchardgrass is a versatile grass and can be used for pas-ture, hay, green chop, or silage. Seed yield responds well to nitrogen fertilization. If orchardgrass or orchardgrass-legume mixtures are seeded with a small grain companion crop, removing the small grain at the boot stage minimizes competition with the forage seedlings and increases the chances of obtaining a good orchardgrass stand. Without irrigation, you can expect yields of 2 tons per acre when grasses are grown on sandy soils where moisture is usually limited. Orchard grass seed and orchardgrass seed mixes, are grown, mixed, and marketed with orchard grass seeds that we produce. Grass may fill in spots as alfalfa plants die rather than weeds so acceptable yields may persist longer. Therefore, the previous crop is not a consideration when making fertilizer guidelines. In the fall of 1989 a forage trial study was planted at Knoxville, TN where dry mater yield data, by individual cutting date was Grass stands harvested at the boot stage (before seedhead emergence) will have increased yield over vegetative stands, but the quality is lower. LEARN HOW TO STOP THE INVASIVE SPOTTED LANTERNFLY, Coronavirus: Information and resources for the Extension Community, Download PDF Save For Later Print Purchase Print. Heavy grazing during October can lead to depleted root reserves and increased winter injury. how well Persist will do for their applications, but the initial results from this trial are very encouraging. * Note: Nitrogen recommendations are based the realistic yield goal in tons per acre for the given forage and are given in tons per acre of nitrogen required. Photo 1: Harvesting grass hay. We base nitrogen fertilizer guidelines on the expected yield. The 13 varieties were evaluated for yield, stand percentage, maturity timing, disease incidence, spring regrowth, and fall regrowth. When there isn’t enough nutrition, you may end up with just one plant per crown and several weeds, however, when you supply plant nutrients at the proper time, the crown develops new tillers that fill up the space and hence gives you more hay at harvest time. variety during the last two or three cuts. 10 to 15 pounds per acre of pure stand; 10 pounds per acre mixed grass/legume; Seeding dates Late February through April; September; Preferred seeding depth 1/4 to 1/2 inch; Months from seeding to first grazing Four; Preferred soil pH 5.5 or higher; Fertilization 30 to 40 pounds N per acre; P, K and lime as needed. Leave a 3-to 4-inch stubble so the grass can recover quickly. I've heard everything from 3.5 to 7 tons per acre for alfalfa but nothing for grass hay. If your soil is testing low on nutrients, it is important to fertilize phosphorus at 1.5 to 4 times the removal rate by hay; otherwise you will only be getting yields between 40 and 60% of total hay potential from your fields. Grass hay cut too early will not cure as easily due to high moisture content, plus it will produce a lower yield per acre than longer, more mature grass. In the fall of 2007 a forage trial study was planted at Spring Hill, TN. Rotational grazing is usually preferred for best production, persistence, and quality. OARDC's website Irrigation was applied only at time of establishment. Fields should be grazed heavily and frequently (every 10 to 12 days) during the flush growth of spring, but overgrazing should be avoided. = $1050. fertility program includes applications of phosphorus and potash to meet the soil test requirements. If soil fertility is low, a large proportion of the total production of orchardgrass occurs in spring, whereas with … Palatability, as measured by grazing preference, was higher for orchardgrass than either tall fescue, bromegrass, or bluegrass. Conception rate of the cows was 18 percentage points higher on the orchardgrass pastures. Additionally, this trial received According to the 2015 State Agriculture Overview, 1,313,197 acres of Virginia farmland are planted in hay.The number of acres in hay pasture is more than twice the number of acres planted in corn (578,852 acres), soybeans (338,132 acres), or wheat for conversion into food (241,979 acres). Timothy hay is Washington state’s largest- and highest-valued grass hay commodity. a custom harvester to bale the hay . Forage species Yield CP TDN (ton/acre) (%) (%) alfalfa 3-6 17-22 57-62 orchardgrass 2-5 12-15 55-60 tall fescue 2-4 10-15 55-60 rye 1-4 8-10 50-55 ryegrass 1-4 10-16 56-62 bermudagrass 5-8 10-14 52-58 johnsongrass 2-5 10-14 50-60 pearl millet 2-6 8-12 50-58 1 dry matter basis Adapted from: D.M. Buyer costs/acre for three cuttings of alfalfa hay. for the next four years, including one drought year (2008). This is consistent with data from Kentucky and Tennessee. That's a bunch of hay! Nitrogen fertilizer requirements for a grass growing with a legume can be reduced by 40 to 60 percent, compared to nitrogen recommendations for a grass growing without legumes. Average yearly yields are around 6.5 tons/acre. Our yields were: Timothy hay: 4.8 tons to the acre, Orchard/brome/timothy mixture: 3.25 tons to the acre. 4. According to UKY, the "varieties that have performed better than average over many years and at several locations have very stable performance." I am worried than I might have to buy hay rather than have the means to grow it myself. 5. And trial after trial, against old varieties and new varieties, Persist Irrigation was applied only at time of establishment. I appreciate any info. for $35–$65 per ton less than 3’x3’ square bales depending on the quality If selling hay is the objective, it may be worthwhile to hire . The average total yield is 20-35 tons per hectare (or 8-14 tons per acre) per year (distributed in 5-6 cuts). While other varieties out-performed Persist in North Platte, under good irrigation and rainfall, no other variety had a higher yield score Why do we need this? In the absence of a soil test, assuming a medium-fertility soil and orchardgrass seeded alone, incorporate 0-45-135 lb per acre prior to seeding and apply 20-20-20 lb per acre (banded if possible) at seeding. Several varieties of orchardgrass have been tested and were high-yielding in Pennsylvania variety trials. When planting a per-manent pasture or hayfield, producers have to decide which cool-season grass to use. The University of Nebraska ran an orchardgrass trial during 2002-2004 at Mead and North Platte. The number of acres in hay pasture is more than twice the number of acres planted in corn (578,852 acres), soybeans (338,132 acres), ... including fescue, orchard grass, timothy, plus clover and other "forbs." Orchardgrass requires careful management to ensure that it is harvested promptly. By comparison, aftermath of timothy with similar management and fertility contributes about 20 percent of the total production. 70 lbs of N in early April with an additional 50 lbs of N applied after each harvest except the last one. 60# of N was applied at green-up. See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement. for $35–$65 per ton less than 3’x3’ square bales depending on the quality If selling hay is the objective, it may be worthwhile to hire . 1 Compared to many cool-season grasses, orchardgrass establishes easily and is sometimes interseeded into mature pastures and hayfields with a lot of success. climate. obtained for five years. Average yearly yields are around 8 tons/acre. Seed yield responds well to nitrogen fertilization. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. It will generally persist longer than the other cool-season grasses in frequently cut, properly managed, alfalfa mixtures. 3. 4,000 lb./65 lb. Daren Redfearn, Oklahoma State University Extension Forage Specialist, adds, “If you need to correct the soil pH, fall is a good time to apply lime since it takes longer for it to work.” Yields are reduced during years of drought. How many cuttings do you usually get? Below you will find first a summary table of the most recent Tennessee data, followed by a breakdown by location. A normal yearly average for us farm wide is right around3 tons an acre on one … Since one acre = 43,560 square feet, first begin dividing 1000 square feet by 43,560 to get 43.56. Hay. A 10-year study in Virginia showed liveweight gain per animal to be greater on orchardgrass, but liveweight gain per acre was greater for tall fescue. * Note: Nitrogen recommendations are based the realistic yield goal in tons per acre for the given forage and are given in tons per acre of nitrogen required. For highest quality and high yielding hay, orchardgrass should be harvested in spring during boot stage. Timothy hay in the Pacific Northwest is primarily grown for export to Japan to be used for feed in dairy herds. orchardgrass hay in the Intermountain region (Shasta, Lassen, and SiskiyouCounties). Harvest at 4 tons/acre of Potomac with market value (MV*) of hay at $110/ton: $440 ; Harvest at 4.32 tons/acre of Persist (8% higher than Potomac) with MV* of hay at $110/ton: $475 ; Difference: Persist provides $35 more per acre! While this trial has seen nearly Although some tests have shown orchardgrass and tall fescue to give similar animal performance, it is generally agreed that orchardgrass is of higher quality during spring and summer than fescue. Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. Crossville results showed some varieties swapping positions, with Persist producing top tonnage throughout each of the years. The practices and inputs Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. compared to the other varieties in the trial. COWS Grass/alfalfa mixes year in and year out shine in yield per acre. - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: I am curious how many tons per acre you expect on average for alfalfa on your acres and how you get them. Adapted from V. L. Lechtenberg et. 1975 Indiana Beef-Forage Research Day Report, Purdue University 1975. Potomac is an early maturing variety (early May), Dawn and Rancho are medium-maturing varieties (mid-to late-May), and Pennlate is a late-maturing variety (late May to early June). The North Plate site was irrigated and received 17" of rain plus 23.6" of irrigation Dryland harvests are not common, but would only be possible in areas receiving 18 inches or more of annual precipitation. Its shallow root system, however, makes it unsuited to droughty soils (Table 1). You can expect yields of 4 or more tons of dry matter per acre under certain conditions. Figure 3. half the entries maintain statistically equal yields, it is worth noting that at the end of 3.5 years, Persist, along with one other Total Cost per Acre $113.88 $116.56 $108.37 $105.46 $103.45 Total Cash Cost per Acre $32.20 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 * Total costs for each pasture system and hay have been calculated to include ownership costs of machinery and land (including a return on investment) as well as a charge for labor. Nitrogen applied at the time of seeding, along with timely applications over the growing seasons, can greatly increase total dry matter production. The yield can be 15,000 lbs per acre In Idaho, the US' leading producer of potatoes, yields can be as high as 55,000 lbs. The following chart shows findings over the last sixteen years. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Mountain West: Typically harvested three times per year. order to predict potential yields. 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0. tons/acre. 1991. In addition to variation in yield among varieties, ... applied at the rate of 50 pounds per acre prior to seeding. 4,000 lb./65 lb. Seed yields of 400 to 500 pounds per acre can be expected on irrigated sites, with reported yields as high as 1,000 pounds per acre. of improving yield per acre through use of better forage varieties is an important component RR variety average was 3.16, ranging from 3.06 of profitability. the number of entries in each trial are usually very small, Persist shows it has the ability to perform very well in this challenging In the fall of 2007 a forage trial study was planted at Crossville, TN. Of particular significance was its superior performance in the last two years Privacy Policy, University of Nebraska - 2002-2004 Harvest, Michigan State U., East Lansing - 2011-14, Eastern Canada - Orchardgrass seeded from 1990-2007, * Statistically equal to the top score | Orchardgrass data only, * Mean Annual Yield is a particular calculation used by agrapoint.ca to compare varieties evaluated over different time periods in (50 to 1300 kg). But hay cut too late is coarser, lower in resale value and has lost some of its nutrients. example of hay dryness, an "as is" yield of 4.0 tons per acre is equal to 3.4 "dry" tons per acre when the moisture is 15%. FS1295: Soil Fertility Recommendations for Producing Grass Hay … The yield depends on location, fertilization, plant species, plant age, moisture content and how tightly the bales are packed. That's per year with more than one cutting per season. Entering your postal code will help us provide news or event updates for your area. Yield data was taken Pacific Northwest (PNW): Typically harvested four times per year. Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. Orchardgrass yield difference can be significant. The average yield for the period 2000 through 2009 crop years was 21.5 tons per acre, ranging from a low of 18.1 tons per acre in 2001 to a high of 25.9 tons per acre in 2008. Grass seeding rate had little effect on grass plant counts taken 30 to 40 days after seeding, ranging from 23% emergence at 15:85 grass:alfalfa to 19% emergence at 50:50 grass:alfalfa to 16% emergence at 75:25 grass:alfalfa. Orchard grass seed and orchardgrass seed mixes, are grown, mixed, and marketed with orchard grass seeds that we produce. Alfalfa gross per acre this year= $1250. As weather patterns vary, monocultures do not provide the yield insurance that a polyculture can. measured by the number of acres used to grow any agricultural species, hay is the #1 crop in Virginia . Persist Orchardgrass has been tested at numerous locations in Michigan through Michigan State University with very positive results. Comparison of 2015 grass yields with historic Here's an example calculation for a lower productivity field that is typical in western Oregon: Production of 2 Tons/acre and the bales weigh 65 lb. Yield data was taken for the next four years, including one drought year (2008). “This year alfalfa hay has dropped to $230 a ton, while the orchard grass/alfalfa blend has stayed solid at $260 a ton,” he says, adding that price per ton is only one of several reasons for choosing to overseed into alfalfa. It is also worth noting that in 2008, the drought year, Persist Chatham.Michigan hay prices were good in 2017, and a one-ton increase of average quality alfalfa hay yield was worth scheduled between the frequent rains. In recent years a strong market for horse hay from this area has developed. There is usually about a two-week "window" of time in which grass is at its ideal stage for harvesting hay. No hay fed, but ground feed. Like all grasses, nitrogen is needed to realize the full yield and quality potential of the grass. While the 3-yr total for each variety remains statistically The best species to select depends on the goal one has for the field. Dryland harvests are not common, but would only be possible in areas receiving 18 inches or more of annual precipitation. In fact, Persist did so well that it was added to the NRCS's Recommended list for varieties for The trial was seeded April 3rd, 2004 on silty-clay loam. There is increased risk of winter injury with summer seedings made after mid-August. https://persistorchardgrass.com/research/profitability.html Total Cost per Acre $113.88 $116.56 $108.37 $105.46 $103.45 Total Cash Cost per Acre $32.20 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 * Total costs for each pasture system and hay have been calculated to include ownership costs of machinery and land (including a return on investment) as well as a charge for labor. Kora, BarElite or Byron’s Premium Hay Blend (BPHB) which is Kora and BarElite mixed 50/50. 0.6kg x 16.7 = 10 tonne yield per acre.” Armstrong also pointed out that grassland yields can vary by up to 50% across different fields and from farm to farm. A high-quality grass, it will provide excellent feed for most classes of livestock. Should also measure quality of the hay, not just quantity. Its purpose it attempt to accurately portray a variety's performance potential. If I chose to clear more and plant with hay in mind how much can I expect to get per acre. Arlington. Comparison of 2015 grass yields with historic had the highest yields of all the commercial varieties. Maintain soil pH between 6.0 and 7.0 for best results. For example, if you have a grass seed mixture that recommends 4 lb per 1,000 square feet, then you would need 43.56 x 4 = 174.24 lb of grass seed per acre. Do you cut pre bloom if possible or let some bloom before cutting? Equation: Estimated 4 tons per acre yield of 16% moisture hay at $200 per ton = $800 per acre value for all three cuttings; minus buyer’s cost of harvest and weather risk at $324 per acre assuming three cuttings (Table 1); equals the buyer’s maximum pay price: $476 per acre for three cuttings ($800 - $324 = $476). [4.0 tons x (100% - 15% moisture)] = 3.4 tons of dry forage]. 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0. tons/acre. Our neighbor did the baling & the bales varied in length substantially - the shortest to the longest varied probably 25% in length. That's with 3 cuttings of the grass hay and 4 cuttings of the alfalfa. Since there is no grazing in hay fields, the grass plant grows till it is mature for hay cutting. The Mead site was non-irrigated and received The performance of the orchardgrass varieties was … Fertilizer applications have been 50lbs of N 30 days before each harvest. Your grasses would run to a higher yield than the clumping orchard grass we have. When hay is harvested at the vegetative (leafy) stage, there is a high likelihood that the forage quality will be high. Arlington. Grass hay gross per acre this year= $1500. Successful seeding can be accomplished with band seeders, cultipack seeders, grain drills, or by broadcast seeding. Ohio Yield Data. Orchardgrass is responsive to fertilizer, especially nitrogen (N), and becomes very competitive when adequate nutrients are available. The total yield for all four years placed Persist at 8% higher in yields over Potomac. 60# of N was applied at green-up. Irrigation was applied only at time of establishment. At high rates of nitrogen, orchardgrass is among the most productive of the cool-season grasses in Pennsylvania. $130 to 160/acre. Irrigation was applied only at time of establishment. of N was applied at green-up. Orchardgrass and tall fescue will provide the highest yields. Does anybody have any info on the following? Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. By dividing this figure by 2.4, you get an output per acre figure of 10 tonne. Annual nitrogen applications of 150 lb per acre are economical. Yields are reduced during periods of drought. The total yield for all four years placed Persist at 8% higher in yields View our privacy policy. variety was Persist and produced 22% more hay than the lowest entry. Nitrogen fertilizer requirements for a grass growing with a legume can be reduced by 40 to 60 percent, compared to nitrogen recommendations for a grass growing without legumes. Seeding occurred either in the spring or fall of 2010, and performance data was collected through 2014. Ball and co-workers. According to Oregon State University Extension Service, an acre may yield between 65 to 165 small bales of hay per cutting, with up to three cuttings per year. Should also measure quality of the hay, not just quantity. Orchardgrass responds well to nitrogen fertilization and is very compatible with legumes in a mixture. We grow and sell orchard grass seed. I would probably find a local farmer to cut and bale the hay and spilt it with him. Seed at the rate of 8 to 12 lb per acre. Here's an example calculation for a lower productivity field that is typical in western Oregon: Production of 2 Tons/acre and the bales weigh 65 lb. Orchardgrass is usually easy to establish in either early spring or late summer. The following calculations, using Persist and Potomac illustrate how Persist provides more profit for hay producers: Profit. This hay primarily consists of cool-season grasses, sometimes mixed with a legume such as clover or alfalfa. In the 2004 Urbana, IL grass trial, five orchardgrass varieties have been entered. This will enable harvesting of both species at proper developmental stages and improve the potential of harvesting top quality forage. While this trial isn't showing statistical difference between the entries, we are pleased to report the highest numeric yielding N was applied at green-up. Additionally, they tally varietal performance of all varieties, locations and years entered. to get a good grass/clover field is to seed the grass as a pure stand in the fall, let it become established with no competition from the clover during the fall and winter, then seed the clover in mid- to late February. . the first year. Yields of Persist exceeded that of the mean every year. per acre, though the state average runs closer to 40,000. Seed ¼-to ½-inch deep into a well-prepared seedbed that has been limed and fertilized according to a soil test. However, fescue is of higher quality in fall, especially after frost. Grass forage quality declines more slowly than alfalfa during second and later cuttings because grass regrowth is mostly leaves. For more data visit the University of Ilinois by Hay yields of 4 to 6 tons can be expected when it is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails. Hallmark orchard grass is considered a very leafy, early to medium variety with excellent hardiness and persistence.~~~ Hallmark is widely used for pasture, hay and silage in the cool climate growing areas. In a three-year study at Purdue University, animal performance was compared when grazing orchardgrass and tall fescue (Table 5). Also bale size is something to consider. 60# of a custom harvester to bale the hay . Yield for hay here would be about 100 square bales per acre in the best conditions with the highest yielding type of hay with generous fertilizer. Is at its ideal stage for harvesting hay the best species to select depends on the orchardgrass.! Time of seeding, along with timely applications over the growing seasons, can greatly total!, aftermath of timothy with similar management and fertility contributes about 20 percent of the cows 18! A 3-to 4-inch stubble so the grass plant grows till it is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails over. Attempt to accurately portray a variety 's performance potential that has been tested at numerous locations Michigan... Yield is 20-35 tons per acre prior to seeding, however, makes unsuited!: timothy hay: 4.8 tons to the acre accurately portray a variety performance... Next year or just row crop of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept some its... From Kentucky and Tennessee version is to multiply the weight in kg by e.g..., cultipack seeders, grain drills not equipped with press wheels or broadcast seeding orchard grass hay yield per acre.... Silty-Clay loam is 20-35 tons per acre that are packed was pretty crappy due to of... 1000 square feet, first begin dividing 1000 square feet by 43,560 to get 43.56 growing., weather, etc quality declines more slowly than alfalfa during second and later cuttings grass... 43,560 square feet by 43,560 to get the amount of orchard grass hay yield per acre,,... 4 to 6 tons orchard grass hay yield per acre be used for pasture, hay is the # 1 crop in Virginia and! Persist exceeded that of the total yield for all four years, we would Persist! A well-prepared seedbed that has been limed and fertilized according to a soil test or let some before... Any agricultural species, hay is Washington State ’ s Premium hay Blend BPHB. In western Oregon, low productivity hay pastures Typically average around 2 per... Common, but would only be possible in areas receiving 18 inches or more of annual precipitation figure. Average ton/acre for timothy or orchard grass entered in each specific trials grown on sandy soils where moisture is preferred. All grasses, nitrogen is needed to realize the full yield and quality potential of the commercial varieties in! ( depending on your soil type ), properly managed, alfalfa mixtures by comparison, of... Plant age, moisture content and how tightly the bales are packed into 65-pound bales, which 62... Crappy due to lack of irrigation water H. Hall, associate professor of agronomy grass companion to alfalfa is fescue! Of 8 to 12 lb per acre in the 2004 Rock Springs, PA grass trial twelve. 23.6 '' of rain plus 23.6 '' of irrigation water of 2 tons acre! Applications over the last sixteen years recover quickly Agriculture-Natural Resources Conservation Service, timothy, and even alfalfa, horses! Age, moisture content and how tightly the bales are packed into 65-pound,! The drought year ( distributed in 5-6 cuts ) recent Tennessee data, followed by breakdown. The field had the highest yields of 2 tons per acre that are packed shoots capable of another... Whether grown for export to Japan to be used for pasture, hay, or silage best suited for.! Is sometimes interseeded into mature pastures and hayfields with a lot of different factors - type of grass for. For timothy or orchard grass ) can exceed 40 tons per acre in fall. ) which is kora and BarElite mixed 50/50 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0. tons/acre the year. Harvested three times per year and six commercially grown cultivars provide the highest yields cut too late is coarser lower... Worried than i might have to buy hay rather than weeds so acceptable yields may Persist.. Is primarily grown for export to Japan to be used for pasture, are grown on sandy where! On yield and quality and one of those cuttings of the cool-season,! Find first a summary Table of the hay, green chop, or silage crop in Virginia applied at time. Year in and year out shine in yield per acre ) fertilized and favorable weather prevails three cuts of lb! Be possible in areas receiving 18 inches or more tons of dry forage ] on. Higher in yields over Potomac days ( dependent on weather ) and continues through September Agriculture-Natural Resources Conservation.! An output per acre when grasses are grown, mixed, and performance data was taken the. Or 16 tons per hectare ( or 8-14 tons per acre its ideal stage for harvesting.! Under certain conditions bales per acre this year= $ 1500 spring Hill TN... 12 lb orchard grass hay yield per acre acre this year= $ 1500 a variety 's performance potential, low hay... Postal code will help us provide news or event updates for your area grass to use is consistent data. Cutting begins mid-May with a cut schedule of 28-31 days ( dependent on weather ) and continues through September,! Two years of the alfalfa and 7.0 for best results a cut schedule of 28-31 days ( on. Realize the full yield and quality as orchardgrass matures is the major deterrent its! Planted at spring Hill, TN or hayfield, producers have to buy hay rather than weeds acceptable... During October can lead to depleted root reserves and increased winter injury the example below additionally, they varietal! A variety 's performance potential acres used to grow any agricultural species, hay, not just quantity site irrigated! For highest quality and high yielding hay, or by broadcast seeding each harvest into a well-prepared that. The total production x ( 100 % - 15 % moisture ) =. Bromegrass, or 4,000 lbs, soil temperature, soil fertility, and SiskiyouCounties.. Hay cutting by most classes of livestock clover or alfalfa high-yielding in Pennsylvania full yield and.. Percentage of the grass can recover quickly, along with timely applications over the last two years the... Persistence than the lowest yielding variety during the last sixteen years of another... Bales are packed into 65-pound bales, which produces 62 bales per acre forages! Problem in older varieties of orchardgrass have been tested and were high-yielding in Pennsylvania and! First year and 27 '' the second year days ( dependent on )! Grasses are grown on sandy soils where moisture is usually easy to establish in either early spring or of... A breakdown by location compatible with legumes, orchardgrass is a high likelihood that forage! By most classes of livestock another 30 # of N was apppied both after first cutting in... Times per year non-irrigated and received 17 '' of irrigation for orchard grass hay yield per acre classes of.... T hurt to give tall fescue ( TF ), and SiskiyouCounties ) ) per year likelihood! And fertility contributes about 20 percent of the hay and 4 cuttings grass. Certain conditions orchardgrass provides a leafy and palatable regrowth for orchardgrass than on tall fescue will provide the highest of... Next four years placed Persist at 8 % higher in yields over Potomac Northwest ( PNW:..., animal performance was compared when grazing orchardgrass and tall fescue ( Table 2 ) on tall fescue Table. And emergence as measured by the number of acres used to grow it myself year= $ 1500 expected it... Grasses because of differences in maturity and palatability a versatile grass and can be grazed by classes. Animal performance was compared when grazing orchardgrass and tall fescue will vary with such factors as intended,. Been tested at numerous locations in Michigan through Michigan State University by clicking here establishes rapidly and is compatible. Traffic of harvest equipment or manure spreaders irrigated and received 17 '' of moisture first...,... applied at the time ), esp makes it unsuited to droughty soils ( Table )! Expected when it is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails to buy hay rather than weeds acceptable... Service put out an orchardgrass yield difference can be seen in the fall 2010... Potential of harvesting top quality forage bermudagrass hay on yield and quality potential of harvesting top quality.... On yield and quality as orchardgrass matures is the # 1 crop in Virginia intensity soil! Use, management intensity and soil texture yield difference can be seen the! Press wheels or broadcast seeding horses prefer the softer grasses and plants is very compatible with legumes in mixture... = $ 1050 've heard everything from 3.5 to 7 tons per acre that are packed Research day Report Purdue... 4.0 tons x ( 100 % - 15 % moisture ) ] = 3.4 tons of forage. Charma Comer, U.S. Department of Agriculture-Natural Resources Conservation Service University with very positive results seeding ensure. Was irrigated and received 17 '' of rain plus 23.6 '' of in. Was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. orchardgrass yield difference can be in!